Samos

   Island in the Aegean Sea (q.v.) off the coast of Asia Minor (q.v.). The Arabs (q.v.) attacked it repeatedly in the seventh and eighth centuries. In the ninth century it became part of the theme (q.v.) of Samos with its capital at Smyrna (q.v.). Around 1088 Tzachas (q.v.) captured it, making it part of his maritime principality, but it was in Byzantine hands again several years later. In 1204 Baldwin of Flanders (q.v.) was given Samos, along with Lesbos and Chios (qq.v.). A fleet of John III Vatatzes (q.v.) seized it around 1225, but in 1304 it fell to the Genoese, who held it (despite a Byzantine reconquest of 1329-1346) until 1475, when it was captured by the Ottomans (q.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

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